Thomas Arndell (1753 – 1821) farmer, magistrate, surgeon
Thomas Arndell was one of seven assistant surgeons who formed the medical staff led by Surgeon-General John White which cared for the convicts in the First Fleet. He was an Anglican. He contributed towards the foundation of a church at Portland Head and supporting the Presbyterian church at Ebenezer. Built in 1809, Ebenezer Church is the oldest existing church in Australia.
Thomas Arndell, surgeon, magistrate and landholder, was one of seven assistant surgeons who formed the medical staff led by Surgeon-General John White which cared for the convicts in the First Fleet.
As a magistrate he also supervised public concerns in the neighbourhood and was called upon by King to conduct some of the musters and report on the effects of the disastrous flood of 1806. An Anglican, he furthered the Protestant cause by contributing towards the foundation of a church at Portland Head and supporting the Presbyterian church at Ebenezer.
Source : http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/arndell-thomas-1716
On 23 March 1806, when floods rose to within 18 inches of his home at Cattai, he organised flood relief for local residents and reported the farmers’ losses. Prior to 1807 he built the first windmill in the Hawkesbury district for grinding flour and it was advertised in the Sydney Gazette for rent with 100 acres of land.
On 1 December 1810, he presented a congratulatory address to Governor Lachlan Macquarie on behalf of the Hawkesbury settlers when the Governor visited the area.
The first regular church services in the Portland area were held in his home and he paid five pounds per annum towards the cost and maintenance of the Ebenezer school and Presbyterian Church, the oldest church in Australia in which regular services are still held. He always championed the settlers’ grievances and opposed the rum trade. As magistrate of the Hawkesbury district, he dealt with aborigines who stole from settlers in the area and endeavoured to establish good relations with neighbouring tribes who were constantly harassing the settlers.
Source : http://www.fellowshipfirstfleeters.org.au/thomas_arndell.htm
James Arndell (second son of Thomas Arndell) was born in 1802 and until 1829 lived at Lake Macquarie where his sister Sarah lived with her husband Rev. Lancelot Threlkeld.
Source : http://www.jenwilletts.com/james_arndell.htm
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