John Pascoe Fawkner (1792 – 1869) pioneer, businessman, politician
John Pascoe Fawkner was an early pioneer, businessman and politician of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. The Congregational denomination, which was established in England during the Puritan movement of dissent from the Church of England, was introduced to the colony by early settlers such as John Pascoe Fawkner and John Gardiner.
John Pascoe Fawkner (20 October 1792 – 4 September 1869) was an early pioneer, businessman and politician of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. In 1835 he financed a party of free settlers from Van Diemen’s Land (now called Tasmania), to sail to the mainland in his ship, Enterprize. Fawkner’s party sailed to Port Phillip and up the Yarra River to found a settlement which became the city of Melbourne.
Henry Reed was a businessman and Methodist lay preacher in Tasmania. He visited Melbourne in 1835, soon after Batman and Fawkner arrived, and conducted the first worship service in the new colony. The congregation was five people: Batman, Fawkner and three Sydney aborigines.
St Michaels Uniting Church in Melbourne is an important example of an Independent or Congregational church and is of historical importance for its associations with the Congregational denomination, and as the site of the earliest church of this denomination in Victoria. Established in England during the Puritan movement of dissent from the Church of England, the Congregational denomination was introduced to the colony by early settlers such as John Pascoe Fawkner and John Gardiner. It remained an Independent or Congregational church from the time it was built in 1866-67 until the formation of the Uniting Church in 1977 following an agreement between the Presbyterian, Methodist and Congregational churches in 1971.
John Pascoe Fawkner disliked sectarian rivalry and was bitterly critical of Roman Catholic leaders such as (Sir) John O’Shanassy, yet at the same time he opposed moves for Anglican supremacy.
John Batman (1801 – 1839) pioneer of Melbourne
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