Jacob Garrard (1846 – 1931) trade unionist and politician
Jacob Garrard was one of the most prominent young trade unionists in the 1870s. In parliament Garrard was one of the best-equipped members to respond to colonial technological, industrial and administrative change in the 1880s. In 1896 Garrard joined the Salvation Army. He was an active worker for the Methodist Church.
Jacob Garrard’s tenacity and fluency made him one of the most prominent young trade unionists in the 1870s. He was a leader in the 1873-74 strikes that won the eight-hour day for iron-trades workers and he gained valuable experience by seeking support in Victoria for the strikers.
In parliament Garrard was one of the best-equipped members to respond to colonial technological, industrial and administrative change in the 1880s. He co-operated with the Trades and Labor Council and F. M. Darley to pass the Trade Union Act, 1881, and sponsored the Employers Liability Act, 1882. He was a member of the Tramway Inquiry Board and acted as an arbiter in coal-industry disputes. In 1887-92 he was a member of the royal commission into the civil service.
An unwavering free trader he adjusted to the complex parliamentary situation as protection became more popular. In 1885-86 he was secretary for public works under John Robertson and supported Henry Parkes’s ministries in 1887-91. By 1888 he was an accomplished parliamentarian who often acted as temporary chairman of committees.
In 1885 he was responsible for making a public holiday in celebration of the eight-hour objective. In 1886 he became one of the first trustees of the Sydney Trades Hall.
In 1894-98 he was member for Sherbrooke and minister for education and from 1895 the colony’s first minister for labor and industry under Reid. In the 1890s he continued to reflect his knowledge of industrial affairs and concluded that compulsory arbitration was needed. He proved an energetic education minister with a special interest in technical education.
In 1896 Garrard joined the Salvation Army. In 1898 he narrowly lost his seat and in 1899-1912 was a member of the Water and Sewerage Board and its president in 1899-1904. He served on the Kuringai Chase Trust for nearly thirty years and was an active worker for the Methodist Church.
Complete article : http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A040262b.htm
Parliament of NSW Members : Mr Jacob Garrard
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